Explanation of the procedure:
Modern corneal transplantation is a safe and effective procedure with excellent results. A variety of diseases, or injury, can cause a decrease in vision secondary to corneal scarring, edema (swelling), or irregularity. More than 40,000 corneal transplants are performed each year with great success. The procedure is usually completed in less than one hour. It is performed on an outpatient basis in a surgical center. The corneas are obtained from human donors and may be stored for one to two weeks in specialized preservation media. Because the surgeons at EDOW perform a substantial number of corneal procedures each year, your procedure will be scheduled on a routine basis. Gone are the days of having a suitcase packed and waiting for the call that your cornea is available!
Arrival and Pre-operative Testing
Prior to the procedure, you will need to receive medical clearance by your personal physician. Our coordinators will assist you with the scheduling process. This clearance is so that the anesthesiologists can provide you with the appropriate sedation and monitoring during the procedure.
Since you will be receiving human tissue, the donor cornea also undergoes a battery of tests. These tests measure the viability of the cornea as well as confirm that the donor did not have infectious diseases such as hepatitis and AIDS. It is impossible to test the corneal donor for all transmissible conditions; however, the risk of developing an infection from a corneal donor is exceedingly rare.
You need to arrive at the outpatient surgical suite no later than 45 minutes prior to the procedure. This affords the staff sufficient time to prepare you for surgery. The procedure usually takes about one hour. The entire time at the facility is usually between 2 to 2-1/2 hours.